Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature review sections. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research.
In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time.
In the sciences, for instance, treatments for medical problems are constantly changing according to the latest studies.
However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below]. When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea; they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing.
Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. Engage in a dialogue with the literature, you are not just providing a summary. Critical race theory in education: A review of past literature and a look to the future.
This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time.