Case study research design and methods psychology
YIN suggests careful screening in the selection of cases to ensure specific relevance to the issues of interest and the use of replication logic: cases are chosen to produce anticipated contrasting findings theoretical replication or similar findings literal replication. Thank you,for signing up. Jean Piaget's observations of his own children are good examples of how an intrinsic cast study can contribute to the development of a psychological theory.
Tips Do not refer to the subject of your case study as "the client.
Example of case study research paper
Permitting investigation of otherwise impractical or unethical situations. Exploratory case studies Edit Exploratory case studies condense the case study process: researchers may undertake them before implementing a large-scale investigation. Another solution involves using other methods first. The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself. Program effects case studies Edit Program effects case studies can determine the impact of programs and provide inferences about reasons for success or failure. The researcher will often categorize qualitative data to create quantitative data that can then be analyzed using statistical methods. Case studies have, of course, also been used as a teaching method and as part of professional development.
Methods were required that could be used to explore factors such as participants' perspectives and the influence of socio-political contexts on curriculum successes and failures SIMONS, What is an example of a case study in psychology? Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved ibid.
Case study method advantages and disadvantages
Successful implementation of this method depends heavily on the skills of the discussion leader. For example, Freud has been criticized for producing case studies in which the information was sometimes distorted to fit the particular theories about behavior e. The researcher's perceptions and interpretations become part of the research and as a result, a subjective and interpretive orientation flows throughout the inquiry CRESWELL, Section 2: The Intervention The second section of your paper will focus on the intervention used to help the client. Provide some background on the psychoanalytic approach and cite relevant references. Opinions vary as to the credibility of cumulative case studies for answering program implementation and effects questions. For example, YIN discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used. This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i. The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself. Provide information on the type of treatment you chose, the client's reaction to the treatment, and the end result of this approach. The underlying concept is that such students need specific guidance to be able to analyze case studies. Interaction between participants and the researcher is required to generate data, which is an indication of the researcher's level of connection to and being immersed in the field. The specific format for a case study can vary greatly. Researchers who have contributed to the development of case study research come from diverse disciplines and their philosophical underpinnings have created variety and diversity in approaches used.
YIN himself describes his approach to case study as using a "realist perspective" p. The goal of a postpositivist researcher is to use science as a way to apprehend the nature of reality while understanding that all measurement is imperfect.
They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods. All the approaches mentioned here use preconceived categories in the analysis and they are ideographic in their approach, i.
Case study method. The first method listed above is used with short cases intended for undergraduate students.
Case study psychology example
Tips Do not refer to the subject of your case study as "the client. Your Diagnosis Provide your diagnosis and give the appropriate Diagnostic and Statistical Manual code. A Word From Verywell Case studies can be a useful research tool but they need to be used wisely. Explain why the treatment was successful or unsuccessful. There is an ethical issue of competence. An interview can involve structured survey-type questions or more open-ended questions. In either case, researchers aim for generalization and must carefully negotiate the evaluation questions with their customer. These elements delineate case study from other forms of research and inform the critical aspects of the research design and execution.
The underlying concept is that such students need specific guidance to be able to analyze case studies. A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event.
What is a case study in psychology
As with program implementation case studies, the evaluation questions usually require generalizability and, for a highly diverse program, it may become difficult to answer the questions adequately and retain a manageable number of sites. As a result, surveys, experiments, and statistical methods anchored in quantitative approaches were favored and considered more rigorous than qualitative designs JOHANSSON, Business cases are historical descriptions of actual business situations. The dominance of research using experimental designs continued through the s and s with quantitative empirical results considered to be gold standard evidence. Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed. Common Characteristics of Case Study Research Despite variation in the approaches of the different exponents of case study, there are characteristics common to all of them. As a result, while case study research has evolved to be a pragmatic, flexible research approach, the variation in definition, application, validity, and purposefulness can create a confusing platform for its use. These elements delineate case study from other forms of research and inform the critical aspects of the research design and execution. Program implementation case studies Edit Program implementation case studies help discern whether implementation complies with intent. Case studies can generate a great deal of data that may defy straightforward analysis. According to JOHANSSON , Robert YIN followed this progress, and drawing on scientific approaches to research gained from his background in the social sciences, applied experimental logic to naturalistic inquiry, and blended this with qualitative methods, further bridging the methodological gap and strengthening the methodological quality of case study research. Therefore, emphasis is placed on using multiple methods with triangulation to circumvent errors and understand what is happening in reality as close as possible to the "truth" LINCOLN et al. Cumulative case studies Edit Cumulative case studies aggregate information from several sites collected at different times. He presented a structured process for undertaking case study research where formal propositions or theories guide the research process and are tested as part of the outcome, highlighting his realist approach to qualitative case study research. Section 2: The Intervention The second section of your paper will focus on the intervention used to help the client.
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