Account of the removal of the cherokee indians by president andrew jackson

John P. His troops might have been repulsed had the Cherokees not crossed the river and attacked from the rear. He also agreed with Georgia and other Southern states that their laws controlled tribal land. There was not army enough or will enough by the American people to bring it about. They inhabited over 50 towns. Sometimes resorting to military threats and bribery, Jackson got most of the tribes to give up a total of million acres of tribal land. The Cherokees would have two years to leave. Does Humanity weep at these painful separations from everything, animate and inanimate, with which the young heart has become entwined? President Jackson hoped that removal would resolve the Georgia crisis.

Excerpt I have no motive, my friends, to deceive you. Look at the condition of the Creeks.

Andrew jackson indian removal act

Many sickened and died while they awaited transport to the west. Knox convinced President Washington that Native Americans would also have to be integrated into American society. Main article: Indian removal The Removal Act paved the way for the forced expulsion of tens of thousands of American Indians from their land into the West in an event widely known as the " Trail of Tears ," a forced resettlement of the Indian population. Actually Jackson and Ross were much alike. How then shall we indirectly confess the right of another people to our land by leaving it forever? They were led by very capable, hard-headed, and pragmatic men, including the Speaker of the Cherokee National Council, Major Ridge; his son, the educated and politically ambitious John Ridge; and the editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, Elias Boudinot. Why should they be expelled from their lands when they no longer threatened white settlements and could compete with them on many levels? In a move intended to prevent local chiefs from accepting bribes to sell off Cherokee land, the Cherokee council in established a national committee to handle all tribal business. King of Georgia chaired the Committee on Indian Affairs that considered the question. The state governments did little to discourage them, ignoring federal treaties and even abetting the taking of Indian land through bribery, fraud and coercion.

The forced march of more than 15, Cherokees began in late The country west of the Arkansas territory is unknown to us. Editor's note: An earlier version of this story referred erroneously to events having taken place in the Alabama Territory in and Again there were many deaths on account of the oppressive heat and cramped conditions in the cars.

cherokee removal

Now the Indian was faced with rejecting the money outright or accepting this paltry sum and thereby losing credibility with his people. A colonial army attacked and destroyed 50 Cherokee towns.

General Winfield Scott commanded the operation, which became notorious for the cruelty shown to the Cherokee people.

The entire process was fraudulent, but that hardly mattered.

trail of tears

Not too many years later, Elias Boudinot and John Ridge were slain with knives and tomahawks in the midst of their families, while Major Ridge was ambushed and shot to death. In negotiating these treaties they were made to understand their true condition, and they have preferred maintaining their independence in the Western forests to submitting to the laws of the States in which they now reside.

Account of the removal of the cherokee indians by president andrew jackson

John Ross served as principal chief for 27 more years. John Ross, the principal chief of the Cherokees, led the tribal government and majority of Cherokees opposed to removal. And there are others who could not think of living as outlaws in their native land, exposed to numberless vexations, and excluded from being parties or witnesses in a court of justice. These consequences, some of them so certain and the rest so probable, make the complete execution of the plan sanctioned by Congress at their last session an object of much solicitude. That same year, they acquired new leadership: Pathkiller died, and Charles Hicks, his assistant and logical successor, followed him two weeks later. Instead, he turned to the U. These same issues still plague the Cherokee, and all Indian tribes, today. The U. From that moment he was convinced that the only alternative to save his people from moral and physical death, was to make the best terms they could with the government and remove out of the limits of the states. Andrew Jackson sought to renew a policy of political and military action for the removal of the Indians from these lands and worked toward enacting a law for Indian removal. Is the duty of fulfilling engagements on the other side less binding than it would be, if the Cherokees had the power of enforcing their just claims? While there was some resistance to his Indian Removal actions, there was a lot of support. The survivors of the journey to what is now Oklahoma would call it the Trail of Tears.
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Indian Removal Act