A review of the poems crossing brooklyn ferry and passage to india

For some readers, Whitman's turning to traditional poetic diction "thee," "thou," "seest" is disappointing.

A review of the poems crossing brooklyn ferry and passage to india

The circular flow from the physical to the spiritual connotes the dual nature of the universe. Man, in Whitman's world, while overcoming the duality of the universe, desires fusion with the spirit. The third achievement, the completion of the Atlantic cable, had taken place four years earlier in In Democratic Vistas, completed the same year as "Passage to India," Whitman envisioned America evolving beyond its preoccupation with commerce. Both poems echo each other. And perhaps now, though he cannot be seen, the poet is watching the reader. Reynolds, David, S.

However, as Reynolds notes, Whitman was not entirely comfortable with America's growing materialism. The poet then becomes the spiritual heir of Columbus.

song of myself multiple choice questions

In section 8, Whitman describes the beauty of the Manhattan harbor, the sunset on the river, the seagulls, and the twilight. Who wrote this essay? The last major poem of Whitman's career, "Passage to India" celebrates the achievement of material science and industry, but the poem merely used these physical forms to accomplish what he termed the "unfolding of cosmic purposes" Traubel When citing an essay from our library, you can use "Kibin" as the author.

Part of that integration must entail an account of the past, a time in which previous explorers, like Columbus, failed. Betsy Erkkila sees in the poem the same repudiation of materialistic values as it "leaps" toward spiritual transcendence, but she sees also a reconciliation of materialism and spiritualism in the figure of Columbus.

Thus, at the end of the poem, Whitman addresses himself to material objects, which are also part of the life process because they are useful to man.

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SparkNotes: Whitman’s Poetry: Quiz